Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a clinically and genetically heterogenous disorder that manifests as a result of primary cilia impairment. Cilia are present on most cell types, thus BBS is a multisystemic condition involving the majority of organ systems. The core features of the syndrome include retinal degeneration, obesity, polydactyly, cognitive impairment, renal anomalies and urogenital malformations. To date, pathogenic variants in 26 genes have been shown to be involved in the molecular basis of this rare ciliopathy. Of these causal loci, BBS12 accounts for ~8% of all cases. In this case report, an individual with BBS caused by a rare recurrent variant in BBS12 (NM_152618.3: c.1063C>T; p.Arg355*) is described and compared with others with the same DNA variant, placing this finding in the context of the current literature.

DOI: 10.3892/br.2021.1479