Abstract

Little is known about the implementation challenges health providers might face with the use of digital health in outpatient asthma care. To qualitatively explore the experience of health providers with electronic medication monitoring (EMM) using an implementation science framework. Using the Consolidated Framework of Implementation Research (CFIR), we conducted interviews (nā€‰=ā€‰10) exploring health providers' experience with EMM with asthma patients from 5 primary care or specialty clinics. The EMM tracked albuterol and inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) use, and health providers called parents whenever ICS adherence waned, or albuterol use increased. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and deductively analyzed using directed content analysis. Health providers reported the intervention's primary advantage, compared with current asthma care, was the ability to monitor medication use at-home. Most felt the intervention improved care delivery. Nurses and medical assistants described a process of phone calls and checking alerts, that had varying levels of administrative burden and complexity. Health providers felt that sustained implementation of the intervention model would require additional employees to handle the administrative and clinical workload. Half of the interviewed providers were unsure if patient needs were met by the intervention, while some cited technology syncing issues, others liked the enhanced interactions for asthma education. Health providers reported positive experiences supporting parents and children with asthma using EMM but also highlighted intervention components that needed improvement or refinement to yield successful implementation in outpatient pediatric clinics. Recommendations for enhancing the intervention for a scaled-up implementation were discussed.

DOI 10.1080/02770903.2020.1846745